When solid and gaseous particles mix in the air, it makes the air polluted. Many chemicals which are emitted from cars, factories, and smoke of industries are the main cause of air pollution in the cities. Air pollution is high in cities as compared to rural areas. Ozone addition in the air is a major cause of air pollution. Ozone is also responsible for many serious diseases in human beings. Air pollution is also the reason for acid rain. Due to acid rain, we have to face the loss of our crop. So the major reason behind all the issues is air pollution. Air pollution also disturbs our mental health.
Here, I am going to describe that, how air affects our mental health:
Air pollution causes a brain issue like it creates depression. A person who is living in an area that has polluted air has more chance of depression as compared to other people. Some harmful chemicals in the air cause inflammation and stress in our nervous system. Depression leads to many other problems. Like a depressed person can not perform his work properly. Some people can not sleep due to their stress condition.
More than 20 million people in the united state of America are suffering from asthma. Asthma is a major defect that is mainly caused by air pollution. In an asthma condition, there is swelling and inflammation happens in the airways. Due to this inflammation airways become narrow. It leads to chest tightness, shortness of breath, coughing, and wheezing. If we do not care about it, it may be imminent or even fatal. There is no proper treatment available for asthma. Asthma causes major damage to the airways. The major factors that cause asthma triggers are pollen, dust, smoke, and volatile organic compounds.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is another chronic disease, that is caused by air pollutants. In this also the respiratory tract is affected, and the airways become narrow. The change is irreversible. In this disease, the small airways are disrupted due to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The major cause of this disease is the inhalation of harmful smoke.
Lung cancer is a major killer of both men and women. The major reason for this disease is smoke which is inhaled by breathing the polluted air. Other than smoke many other chemicals lead to lung cancer like ozone.
Air pollution leads to heart problems. It is proved by research that harmful chemicals in the air inner wall of the blood vessels become damaged. Due to this, it becomes narrow and hard. Due to the narrowness of the blood vessels, the flow of blood becomes difficult. It leads to an increase in blood pressure. Also, it adds strain to our hearts.
It is also approved by researches and theories, that if exposure to some particular matter increases, so it increases the oxidative stress. This oxidative stress causes inflammation. These inflammation are the reason to exacerbate anxiety.
Nitrogen dioxide, carbon monoxide, and many other breathable particles are released from the industries. Carbon dioxide interferes in the distribution of oxygen throughout the body. So due to this, it leads to dizziness, confusion, headache, disorientation, nausea, and fatigue. These conditions become severe if these compounds are inhaled in high amounts.
These all above are the major problems that are caused by air pollution. It becomes severe if these reach up to the chronic stage
But there are some precautionary measures that can save us from these above-mentioned diseases that are caused by air pollution.
1)Check the updates about air pollution. For this, you can watch the forecast about your area regularly.
2) Do not go outside for a morning walk, in this way you inhaled a lot of polluted air at the very beginning of the day.
3) Avoid doing exercise outside.
4) Avoid Playing near high traffic areas.
5) You can use public transport, so in this way, fewer vehicles are used and less smoke released.
6) Avoid the use of excessive energy in your homes.
7) Limited your energy usage. Do not go outside if it is running, because the chemicals present in the air were added in the rain and rain also becomes polluted.
8) Always use a mask whenever you have to go outside.