The ethics of artificial intelligence is the ethics of technology’s branch that is certain to be an artificially intelligent system. Sometimes, it is divided into two concerns, one is the behavior of humans in how they treat, make, design, and use artificial intelligence. Second is the ethics of the machine, the behavior of the machine.
Artificial intelligence is the digital technology that will have a prominent impact on the progress of humanity shortly. The coverage of a wide large amount of data, the speed of cloud computing platforms, and the advancement in machine learning algorithms have given birth to the innovation of artificial intelligence.
In its theory, Artificial intelligence systems impact government in the improvement of healthcare, education, and transportations. Some other benefits of artificial intelligence in the public sector include environmental management, energy, and food supply chain.
Artificial intelligence ethics and Roboethics
Artificial intelligence ethics is a set of values, principles, and techniques that widely employ an accepted standard of right and wrong to guide moral conduct in the development and artificially intelligent system technology. Robo ethics or machine ethics is bothered with what rules should be implemented to ensure the ethical behavior of robots. Roboethics deal with troubles such as whether a robot will pose a threat to humans, or whether using some robots such as killer robots in war can become problematic for humans. Roboticists must guarantee that they have exhibited ethically acceptable behavior in some situations such as self-driving vehicles interacting with humans.
Automation and Artificial intelligence ethics
Automation and artificial intelligence are changing rapidly and impacting our society. AI ethics principles in the design and implementation of algorithmic and AI projects in the public sector are supreme. AI ethics will guarantee that the development and deployment of artificial intelligence are safe, responsible, and ethical. The new 5G technology is delivering great benefits and a rapid gain in the power of artificial intelligence for a better society. Artificial intelligence and machine learning systems will continue to improve and develop, with the rapid advancement of computing power and access to the vast amount of data. In the coming future, artificial intelligence will be able to process data with more speed and with more accuracy.
Besides the advantages and benefits of artificial intelligence, there are many irreparable causes and harms to humans and society if these technologies are poorly designed or misused. Therefore, artificially intelligent systems must be developed responsibly toward flawless sustainability for public benefits.
AI ethics and potential harms caused by AI systems
The design and development of Artificial intelligence (AI) must be responsible and safe. However, artificially intelligent systems avoid humans and societal harms caused by poor design, misuse, and abuse of artificial systems.
The public policy plan and ethics fellow at The Alan Turing Institute in Landon, England potentially harms the Artificial intelligence system, according to Dr. David Leslie.
These harms include:
- Artificial intelligence systems: bias and discrimination: Artificial intelligence systems were designed by choosing the features, analytics structures of models, and metrics that cannot be mining data. data-driven technologies like artificial intelligence have latent duplicates of the bias of their design. Algorithms are tested and trained by data samples. Creating possibilities of bias and discrimination consequences is important because of the deficiency from the start when designers feed the data and records in the system.
- Artificial intelligent systems: denial of individual autonomy, rights, and recourse: in the past years, automated cognitive functions in AI systems were attributable to accountable human agents. Now, artificial intelligence systems make important decisions, prediction, and perform classification that affects citizens. An unquestionable situation may arise where individuals may be unable to hold accountable the parties who are responsible for the outcomes. A common response from humans to blame the artificial intelligence systems is that there is nothing that they can do to change the outcome. Such a response from artificially intelligent systems seems ridiculous since AI systems are designed and programmed by the human. A human who is correct in changing the outcome is not satisfactory.
- AI systems: unexplainable, non-transparent, or unjustifiable outcomes: sometimes machine learning models may develop their results by processing on the high-dimensional association that is beyond human reasoning’s capabilities. Many cases can be seen in which algorithmically produced rationale outcomes directly affect the decision subjects that may be non-transparent to those subjects. The lack of explainability may probably cause troubles in some uses. However, several applications where processed data and information can be mooring traces of discrimination, inequity, lack of clarity, bias, and unfairness may prove problematic.
- AI system: poor-quality, unsafe, and unreliable: the AI systems that produce unsafe, poor-quality outcomes, and unreliable may cause irresponsible data management, the heedless process of function, and questionable deployment practices. This situation can directly lead to the destruction of the well-being of individuals and public welfare.
As artificial intelligence brings so many potential benefits for individuals and the community, it also causes them to face many challenges and worries.
Here are several issues about ethics in artificial intelligence:
- Unemployment: as technology has invented many ways to automate jobs, we could create room for people to suppose more complicated jobs. Individuals can move from physical work to cognitive labor work in our globalized society.
- Humanity: the milestone is only the start of an age where we can interact with machines like they are humans whether in sales, or customer services. Otherwise, humans are limited in seeking the attention and kindness of other human beings.
- Security: the more technology becomes more powerful. The more it can be used for bad reasons as well as good. It is difficult to save artificial intelligence from hackers and adversaries. After all, we are dealing with a system that is more powerful and has more capabilities than us.