Any type of vehicle that runs on electricity is known as Electric Vehicle. These vehicles are moved by one or more electric motors powered by rechargeable battery packs. An electric vehicle can also be powered through a collector system by electricity from the off-vehicles sources. These can also be self-contained with a solar panel, fuel cells, battery, and an electric generator that can convert fuel to electricity.
Just as similar as the variety of technologies in conventional vehicles, plug-in electric vehicles also have many capabilities that can be adjustable for many drivers according to their needs.
In this article, we will explore some of the electric vehicle types and their advantages and disadvantages.
Types of electric vehicles:
There are only three main types of electric vehicles that we are going to discuss below. These are classified by the degree that electricity is used as their energy sources BEVs, battery electric vehicles, and HEVs. In these types, only BEVs (battery electric vehicles) are capable of charging on a level 3. DC fast charge.
1.Battery electric vehicles (BEV):
Battery electric vehicles are also known as BEVs, fully electric vehicles with rechargeable batteries and no gasoline engine. These electric vehicles store electricity onboard with ultra high capacity battery packs. The battery power is then used to run electric motors on all onboard electronics. Battery electric vehicles do not emit harmful emissions and dangerous chemicals that cause air pollution. These vehicles are also very eco-friendly as they do not emit harmful smoke. Battery electric vehicles are charged by the electricity from an external source.
The chargers of electric vehicles are also classified by the speed with which they recharge an EVs battery.
The classifications of the electric chargers are level 1, level 2, level 3, or DC fast charging.
The level 1 electric charger uses a standard household 120v outlet to plug into the electric vehicles and takes over approx more than 8 over to charge an Electric vehicle. And then it can run non-stop for approximately 17-80 miles. You can be done and use this first level charging at home and workplaces. The level of charging has the capabilities to charge the electric vehicles on the market places.
The level 2 charging requires a special station that provides power at 240v. You can find this charging level at workplaces and public charging stations. It will take 4 hours to charge your vehicles and then you can run it for approximately 75-80 miles.
The electric charging level 3 and DC fast charging is the simplest way of fast charging. It is the easiest way of charging in the EV (electric vehicles) market. You can find DC fast charging at dedicated EV charging stations. you can run your charged vehicles to approximately 90 miles range by charging for only 30 minutes.
Battery electric vehicles examples that can be charged on the DC level 3 fast chargers.
- Tesla Model 3
- BMW i3
- Ford Focus electric
- Chevy Bolt
- Chevy Spark
- Nissan LEAF
- Kia Soul
- Tesla X
- Tesla Y
- Hyundai Ioniq
- Toyota Rav4
2.Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV):
Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles are referred to as PHEVs and can also recharge the battery through both regenerative braking and “plugging in” to an external source of electric power while the standard hybrid vehicles can go about 1 to 2 miles before the gasoline engine turns on. Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles can go anywhere from 10 to 40 miles before their gas engine assists.
Some examples of PHEV:
- Chevy volt
- Chrysler Pacifica
- Ford Fusion Energi
- Ford C-Max Energi
- Mercedes C350e
- Mercedes C550e
- Mercedes GLE550e
- BMW i8
- BMW X5 Xdrive40e
- Kia Optima
- Hyundai Sonata
- Volvo XC90 T8
- Porsche Cayenne S E-Hybrid
- Porsche Panamera S E-hybrid
- BMW 330e
3.Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs):
Hybrid Electric vehicles are energized by both gasoline and electricity. To charge the battery of the vehicles the electric energy is generated by the car’s own braking system. This is called a regenerative braking system. It is a process where the electric motors help to delay the vehicles and use some of the energy that normally transforms to heat by the brakes.
At first, Hybrid Electric Vehicles start off using electric motors, and then the gasoline engines cut because of loads and speed rises. By an internal computer, two motors are controlled that always ensures the best economy for the driving conditions.
Examples of Hybrid Electric Vehicles:
- Toyota Prius Hybrid
- Toyota Camry Hybrid
- Honda Civic Hybrid
Advantages and disadvantages of (EVs) Electric Vehicles:
As we get to know that electric vehicles are rechargeable and emit no harmful emissions. These vehicles are more effective than conventional vehicles. But these are some disadvantages too that we are going to discuss below in detail.
- Efficient energy: electric vehicles convert almost 77% of the electric energy from the grid to power at the wheels. While conventional Gasoline vehicles only convert about 12% to 30% of the energy stored in gasoline to power at the wheels.
- Environmental friendly: Electric vehicles do not emit tailpipe pollutants. They also do not emit hazardous smoke that adds pollution to the air. Although the power plants that produce the electricity may emit them. Electricity from hydro, solar, wind-power plants, or nuclear causes no air pollutants. These vehicles are more effective and friendly than conventional vehicles.
- Performance benefits: Electric vehicles require less maintenance than internal combustion engines. These electric motors provide quite a smooth operation and stronger acceleration. Moreover, they are more convenient to run than conventional vehicles.
- EVs reduced energy dependence: Electricity on electric vehicles is a domestic energy source.
- Safety improvements and health benefits: It is proved by the recent findings that several EV features can improve safety. Electric vehicles tend to have a lower kernel of gravity. As it cannot emit harmful exhaust, it has many benefits over conventional vehicles.
- Recharging time: the recharging time is very time-consuming. Even the fastest speed of charging takes 30 minutes to charge your battery.
- Driving range: Electric vehicles have a shorter driving range than conventional vehicles.
You can easily charge your electric vehicles from any workstation and marketplace. They are more subtle and easy to manage.